Effect of personality on compound reasoning

  • Maria del Carmen Crivello Universidad Católica Argentina, Argentina; National Scientific and Technical Research Council, Argentina http://orcid.org/0000-0002-0997-099X
  • Eugenia Razumiejczyk Universidad Católica Argentina, Argentina; National Scientific and Technical Research Council, Argentina http://orcid.org/0000-0003-0762-1558
  • Guillermo Macbeth Universidad Católica Argentina, Argentina; National Scientific and Technical Research Council, Argentina http://orcid.org/0000-0001-9843-0524
Keywords: mental models, compound negation, reasoning biases, personality factors


Objective: This study aims to describe the relationship between personality and propositional reasoning regarding compound negations by using, in particular, De Morgan’s laws. Method: To evaluate personality traits, we used the Adjective Checklist for Personality Assessment, an instrument based on the Big Five theory and developed for the Argentine context. To assess reasoning, we used a task implemented in previous studies, according to which subjects had to find the logical equivalent of a compound negation. Four response options were offered: one was correct and the other three were linked to specific biases. Both the research study and the paradigm were developed on the basis of the Mental Models Theory of Negation. The study had a correlational design and included 150 university students. Results: We found that factors such as neuroticism, extraversion, and agreeableness were linked to specific response patterns. Difficulty and context were considered mediators of the process. Discussion: The evidence was compatible with the Mental Models Theory but inconsistent with theories based on formal rules.


Authorship Contribution

MCC: data collection, statistical analysis, data interpretation, and discussion.

ER: Discussion and final review of the article.

GM: Conception and design of the study, interpretation of the data, discussion, and final revision of the manuscript.


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How to Cite
Crivello, M. del C., Razumiejczyk, E., & Macbeth, G. (2020, March 2). Effect of personality on compound reasoning. LIBERABIT. Revista Peruana De Psicología, 26(1), e313. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.24265/liberabit.2020.v26n1.04
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