Moderating effect of sex in relation to personality and psychological wellbeing in college students
The psychological well-being (PW) is a quality of life indicator at individual and collective levels. The university population is vulnerable to low levels of PW. Sex and personality features affect the PW. To deepen one’s knowledge of these factors would be of value to the development of interventions – according to the specific requirements for college students. The objective of this paper is to compare the predictive capacity of sex and personality features on the dimensions of the PW, and analyze if sex has a moderating effect in relation to personality and PW. We evaluated to 407 college students through self-report questionnaires. Sex resulted a significant predictor for autonomy and personal growth. The personality features showed predictive capacity over the dimensions of PW: extraversion, neuroticism, self-acceptance awareness, and control of the environment; extraversion and pleasantness over positive relationships; extraversion, neuroticism, and openness to the experience over autonomy; awareness, pleasantness and openness to the experience over personal growth and the five features on the purpose in life. Sex presented a moderating effect on the relationship of the conscience features with the personal growth dimension. The personality features were associated with the dimensions of PW following most of the relations profiles hypothesized by the literature. This work delves into the knowledge of the factors that influence on PW. It is hoped that this will contribute to develop interventions destined to improve the quality of life of this population group.
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