La estructura de la conducta prosocial. Su aproximación mediante el modelo bifactorial de la Teoría de la respuesta al Ítem Multidimensional

Palabras clave: conducta prosocial, prosocialidad, teoría de la respuesta al ítem multidimensional, modelo bifactorial


Problema y objetivos: Conocer si la estructura de la conducta prosocial medida por la Escala de Conducta Prosocial (ECP) puede ser representada por un factor general, la prosocialidad, combinado con los factores específicos, las subescalas de la ECP. Método: Se trató de una muestra por accesibilidad de 692 participantes (65% mujeres), residentes en Gran Buenos Aires e interior de la Argentina. Se comprobaron los supuestos de unidimensionalidad y dependencia local, posteriormente se comparó el ajuste relativo entre tres modelos de la Teoría de la Respuesta al Ítem: Modelo de Respuesta Graduada (MRG), Modelo de Respuesta Graduada Multidimensional (MRGM) y Modelo de Respuesta Graduada Bifactorial (MRGB). Resultados: El MRGB fue el modelo con mejor ajuste relativo, se implementó dicho modelo calculándose los parámetros condicionales y marginales. Asimismo, se calculó el índice ECV. Conclusiones: Los ítems de la ECP fueron influenciados primariamente por la prosocialidad. La subescala Ayuda explicó una proporción importante de la varianza común. En cambio, la subescala Confortar, considerada como factor específico, explicó una parte pequeña de dicha varianza.


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