Adaptación y validez de la Escala de Personalidad Tipo D (DS-14) en una muestra mexicana

Palabras clave: Personalidad tipo D, DS-14, análisis confirmatorio, invarianza de medida, México

Resumen

El objetivo del presente trabajo consistió en explorar las propiedades psicométricas de una adaptación al castellano del cuestionario de personalidad tipo D (DS-14) en una muestra mexicana (n = 702). Se evaluó la escala mediante un enfoque no paramétrico basado en el escalamiento Mokken y se aplicó el análisis factorial confirmatorio por el método de estimación mínimos cuadrados ponderados con media y varianza ajustada (WLSMV), consistencia interna con coeficiente omega (ω), invarianza de medición por género, y validez convergente con medidas de salud mental (MBI = burnout, GHQ = depresión, trastornos de sueño, disfunción social y síntomas somáticos), parcializando los efectos de estresores laborales (JCQ = demandas y control laboral). Los resultados evidenciaron correlaciones parciales de bajas a moderadas de los ítems DS-14 con los puntajes de salud mental, así como índices de confiabilidad aceptables (ω =.62-.86). Se halló invarianza de medición entre hombres y mujeres, y la estructura bifactorial original mostró índices de ajuste satisfactorios (CFI = .97, RMSEA = .04, SRMR = .05). Adicionalmente se vislumbró la viabilidad de una estructura unidimensional, y en particular para una versión de 9 ítems (CFI = .99, RMSEA = .04, SRMR = .04), la que necesita estudios adicionales de replicabilidad. Se concluye que la escala DS-14 produce puntajes válidos y confiables, y se discuten estos hallazgos y sus implicaciones para la investigación futura.

Descargas

La descarga de datos todavía no está disponible.

Citas

Akram, U., McCarty, K., Akram, A., Gardani, M., Tan, A., Villarreal, D., ... & Mills, R. (2018). The relationship between type D personality and insomnia. Sleep Health: Journal of the National Sleep Foundation, 4(4), 360-363. doi: 10.1016/j.sleh.2018.04.005

Aneshensel, C. S. (2012). Theory-based data analysis for the social sciences. USA: Sage Publications.

Armon, G. (2014). Type D personality and job burnout: The moderating role of physical activity. Personality and Individual Differences, 58, 112-115. doi: 10.1016/j.paid.2013.10.020

Asendorpf, J. B. (1993). Social inhibition: A general-developmental perspective. En H. C. Traue & J. W. Pennebaker (Eds.) Emotion inhibition and health (80-99). Ashland, OH, US: Hogrefe & Huber Publishers.

Barnett, M., Ledoux, T., Garcini, L., & Bakker, F. (2009). Type D personality and chronic pain: Construct and concurrent validity of the DS-14. Journal of Clinical Psychology in Medical Settings, 16(2), 194-199. doi: 10.1007/s10880-009-9152-0

Beaton, D. E., Bombardier, C., Guillemin, F., & Ferraz, M. B. (2000). Guidelines for the process of cross-cultural adaptation of self-report measures. Spine, 25(24), 3186-3191. doi:10.1097/00007632-200012150-00014

Bosco, F. A., Aguinis, H. Singh, K., Field, J. G., & Pierce, C. A. (2015). Correlational effect size benchmarks. Journal of Applied Psychology, 100(2), 431-449. doi: 10.1037/a0038047

Bunevicius, A., Staniute, M., Brozaitiene, J., Stropute, D., Bunevicius, R., & Denollet, J. (2013). Type D (distressed) personality and its assessment with the DS14 in Lithuanian patients with coronary artery disease. Journal of Health Psychology, 18(9), 1242-1251. doi: 10.1177/1359105312459098

Byrne, B. M. (2008). Testing for multigroup equivalence of a measuring instrument: A walk through the process. Psicothema, 20(4), 872-882. Recuperado de https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/18940097

Byrne, B. M., Shavelson, R. J., & Muthén, B. (1989). Testing for the equivalence of factor covariance and mean structures: The issue of partial measurement equivalence. Psychological Bulletin, 105, 456- 466. Doi: 10.1037//0033-2909.105.3.456

Cloninger, C. R., Przybeck, T.R., Svrakic, D.M., & Wetzel, R.D. (1994). The Temperament and Character Inventory (TCI): A Guide to its Development and Use. Center for Psychobiology of Personality, St. Louis, MO.

Conraads, V. M., Denollet, J., De Clerck, L. S., Stevens, W. J., Bridts, C., & Vrints, C. J. (2006). Type D personality is associated with increased levels of tumour necrosis factor (TNF)-α and TNF-α receptors in chronic heart failure. International Journal of Cardiology, 113(1), 34-38. doi: 10.1016/j.ijcard.2005.10.013

Coyne, J. C., Jaarsma, T., Luttik, M. L., van Sonderen, E., van Veldhuisen, D. J., & Sanderman, R. (2011). Lack of prognostic value of type D personality for mortality in a large sample of heart failure patients. Psychosomatic Medicine, 73(7), 557-562. doi: 10.1097/PSY.0b013e318227ac75

Costa, P. T. Jr. & McCrae, R. R. (1990). Personality disorders and the five-factor model of personality. Journal of Personality Disorders, 4(4), 362-371. doi: 10.1521/pedi.1990.4.4.362


Costello, A. B., & Osborne, J. W. (2005). Best practices in exploratory factor analysis: Four recommendations for getting the most from your analysis. Practical Assessment, Research & Evaluation, 10(7), 1-9. DOi: 10.4135/9781412995627.d8

De Fruyt, F., & Denollet, J. (2002). Type D personality: A five-factor model perspective. Psychology and Health, 17(5), 671-683. doi: 10.1080/08870440290025858

Declaración de Helsinki (2013). Principios éticos para las investigaciones médicas en seres humanos. Recuperado de https://www.wma.net/es/policies-post/declaracion-de-helsinki-de-la-amm-principios-eticos-para-las-investigaciones-medicas-en-seres-humanos/

Denollet, J. (1991). Negative Affectivity and Repressive Coping: Pervasive lnfluence on Self-Reported Mood, Health, and Coronary-Prone Behavior. Psychosomatic Medicine, 53, 538-556. doi: 10.1097/00006842-199109000-0005

Denollet, J., Rombouts, H., Gillebert, T. C., Brutsaert, D. L., Sys, S.U., & Stroobant, N. (1996). Personality as independent predictor of long-term mortality in patients with coronary heart disease. The Lancet, 347(8999), 417-421. doi: 10.1016/S0140-6736(96)90007-0

Denollet, J. (1998). Personality and coronary heart disease: the type-D scale-16. Annals of Behavioral Medicine, 20, 209-215. doi: 10.1007/BF02884962

Denollet, J., Vaes, J., & Brutsaert, D. L. (2000). Inadequate response to treatment in coronary heart disease: adverse effects of type D personality and younger age on 5-year prognosis and quality of life. Circulation, 102(6), 630-635. doi: 10.1161/01.CIR.102.6.630

Denollet, J. (2000). Type D personality. A potential risk factor refined. Journal of Psychosomatic Research, 49(2000), 255-266. Recuperado de https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/11119782

Denollet, J., Conraads, V. M., Brutsaert, D. L., De Clerck, L. S., Stevens, W. J., & Vrints, C. J. (2003). Cytokines and immune activation in systolic heart failure: the role of Type D personality. Brain, Behavior, and Immunity, 17(4), 304-309. doi: 10.1016/S0889-15(03)00060-6

Denollet, J. (2005). DS-14: Standard assessment of negative affectivity, social inhibition, and type D personality. Psychosomatic Medicine, 67, 89-97. doi: 10.1097/01.psy.0000149256.81953.49

Denollet, J., Pedersen, S.S., Vrints, C.J., & Conraads, V. M. (2006). Usefulness of type D personality in predicting five-year cardiac events above and beyond concurrent symptoms of stress in patients with coronary heart disease. The American Journal of Cardiology, 97(7), 970-973. doi: 10.1016/j.amjcard.2005.10.035

Denollet, J. & Conraads, V.M. (2011). Type D personality and vulnerability to adverse outcomes in heart disease. Cleveland Clinical Journal of Medicine, 78(1). doi: 10.3949/ccjm.78.s1.02

Dunn, T. J., Baguley, T., & Brunsden, V. (2014). From alpha to omega: A practical solution to the pervasive problem of internal consistency estimation. British Journal of Psychology, 105(3), 399-412. doi: 10.1111/bjop.12046

Emons, W. H., Meijer, R.R., & Denollet, J. (2007). Negative affectivity and social inhibition in cardiovascular disease: evaluating type-D personality and its assessment using item response theory. Journal of Psychosomatic Research, 63(1), 27-39. doi: 10.1016/j.jpsychores.2007.03.010

Eysenck, H. J. (1967). The biological basis of personality. Springfield, IL: Thomas.

Eysenck, H. J., & Eysenck, M. W. (1987). Personalidad y diferencias individuales. Pirámide.

Ferguson, E., Williams, L., O’connor, R. C., Howard, S., Hughes, B. M., Johnston, D.W.,... & O’carroll, R. E. (2009). A taxometric analysis of type-D personality. Psychosomatic Medicine, 71(9), 981-986. doi: 10.1097/PSY.0b013e3181bd888b

Friedman, M., & Rosenman, R. H. (1959). Association of specific overt behavior pattern with blood and cardiovascular findings: blood cholesterol level, blood clotting time, incidence of arcus senilis, and clinical coronary artery disease. Journal of the American Medical Association, 169(12), 1286-1296. doi: 10.1001/jama.1959.03000290012005

González, N. L., Juárez, A., Camacho, A., Noriega, L. H., & Escobedo, J. P. (2015). Validez factorial y confiabilidad del cuestionario del contenido del trabajo (jcq: job content questionnarie) en empleados del sector salud, México. En: A. Juárez-García. Investigaciones psicométricas de escalas psicosociales en trabajadores mexicanos. Morelos: Plaza y Valdez Editores, 35-64.

Gramer, M., Haar, J., & Mitteregger, M. (2018). Type D personality and cardiovascular reactivity in active performance situations: Gender and task-specific influences. Personality and Individual Differences, 132, 74-78. doi: 10.1016/j.paid.2018.05.027

Grande, G., Jordan, J., Kümmel M, Struwe C, Schubmann R. & Schulze F.,…Herrmann-Lingen, C. (2004).Evaluation of the German Type D Scale (DS14) and prevalence of the Type D personality pattern in cardiological and psychosomatic patients and healthy subjects. Psychotherapie, Psychosomatik, Medizinische Psychologie 54.11 (2004): 413-422. doi: 10.1055/s-2004-828376

Gray, J. A. (1982). The Neuropsychology of Anxiety: An Enquiry into the Function of the Septohippocampal System. Oxford University Press, New York.

Habra, M. E., Linden, W., Anderson, J. C., & Weinberg, J. (2003). Type D personality is related to cardiovascular and neuroendocrine reactivity to acute stress. Journal of Psychosomatic Research, 55(3), 235-245. doi: 10.1016/S0022-3999(02)00553-6

Hemker, B. T., Sijtsma, K., & Molenaar, I. W. (1995). Selection of unidimensional scales from a multidimensional item bank in the polytomous Mokken IRT model. Applied Psychological, Measurement, 19, 337–352. doi: 10.1177/014662169501900404

Horwood, S., Anglim, J. & Tooley, G. (2015). Type D personality and the Five-Factor Model: A facet-level analysis. Personality and Individual Differences, 83, 50-54. doi: 10.1016/j.paid.2015.03.041

Jandackova, V. K., Koening, J., Jarczok, M. N., Fischer, J. E. & Thayer, J.F. (2017). Potential biological pathways linking type-D personality and poor health: A cross-sectional investigation. PLOS ONE, 12(4), 1-13. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0176014

Juárez-García, A., Merino Soto, C., Fernández, M., Flores Jiménez, C., Caraballo, M. y Camacho, C. (2018). Validación Transcultural y Funcionamiento Diferencial del MBI-GS en tres Países Latinoamericanos. Artículo enviado para dictamen.

Kline, R. B. (2010). Principles and practice of structural equation modeling (3rd ed.). New York, NY: The Guilford Press.

Kupper, N., Pedersen, S. S., Höfer, S., Saner, H., Oldridge, N., & Denollet, J. (2013). Cross-cultural analysis of Type D (distressed) personality in 6222 patients with ischemic heart disease: A study from the International HeartQoL Project. International Journal of Cardiology, 166(2), 327-333. doi: 10.1016/j.ijcard.2011.10.084

Lahey, B. B. (2009). Public health significance of neuroticism. American Psychologist, 64(4), 241-256. doi:10.1037/a0015309. doi: 10.1037/a0015309

Lin, I. M., Wang, S.Y., Chu, I.H., Lu, Y.H., Lee, C.S., Lin, T.H. & Fan, S.Y. (2017). The association of type D personality with heart rate variability and lipid profiles among patients with coronary artery disease. International Journal of Behavioral Medicine, 24, 101-109. doi: 10.1007/s12529-016-9571-x. doi: 10.1017/S003329171600355X

Madsen, I. E., Nyberg, S. T., Hanson, L. M., Ferrie, J. E., Ahola, K., Alfredsson, L.,... & Chastang, J. F. (2017). Job strain as a risk factor for clinical depression: systematic review and meta-analysis with additional individual participant data. Psychological Medicine, 47(8), 1342-1356. doi: 10.1017/S003329171600355X

Maslach, C., Jackson, S. E., & Leiter, M. P. (2010). Maslach Burnout Inventory: Manual and Non-reproducible Instrument and Scoring Guides. Mind Garden.

Medina-Mora, M. E., Padilla, G. P., Campillo-Serrano, C., Mas, C. C., Ezban, M., Caraveo, J., & Corona, J. (1983). The factor structure of the GHQ: a scaled version for a hopital's general practice service in Mexico. Psychological Medicine, 13(2), 355-361. doi: 10.1017/S0033291700050984

Messing, K., Punnett, L., Bond, M., Alexanderson, K., Pyle, J., Zahm, S.,... & de Grosbois, S. (2003). Be the fairest of them all: challenges and recommendations for the treatment of gender in occupational health research. American Journal of Industrial Medicine, 43(6), 618-629. doi: 10.1002/ajim.10225

Mokken RJ. Nonparametric models for dichotomous responses. En: van der Linden WJ, Hambleton RK (eds), Handbook of Modern Item Response Theory, New York: Springer; 1997; 351–367.

Molenaar I. (1997). Nonparametric models for polytomous responses. En : van der Linden WJ, Hambleton RK (eds), Handbook of Modern Item Response Theory, New York: Springer; 369–380.

Mols, F., & Denollet, J. (2010). Type D personality in the general population: a systematic review of health status, mechanisms of disease, and work-related problems. Health and Quality of Life Outcomes, 8(1), 9. doi: 10.1186/1477-7525-8-9

Mols, F., Thong, M. S., van de Poll-Franse, L. V., Roukema, J. A., & Denollet, J. (2012). Type D (distressed) personality is associated with poor quality of life and mental health among 3080 cancer survivors. Journal of Affective Disorders, 136(1-2), 26-34. doi: 10.1016/j.jad.2011.08.034

Montero, I., & León, O. G. (2007). A guide for naming research studies in Psychology. International Journal of Clinical and Health Psychology, 7(3). Recuperado de http://www.aepc.es/ijchp/GNEIP07_es.pdf

Montero, P., Bermúdez, J., & Rueda, B. (2017). Adaptación al castellano de la Escala DS-14 («Type D Scale-14») para la medida de la personalidad tipo D. Revista de Psicopatología y Psicología Clínica, 22(1). doi: 10.5944/rppc.vol.22.num.1.2017.16585

Montero, P., Rueda, B. B., & Bermúdez, J. (2012). Relación de la personalidad tipo D y el agotamiento vital con las emociones negativas y el ajuste psicológico a la enfermedad cardiaca. Revista de Psicopatología y Psicología Clínica, 17(2), 93-106. doi: 105944/rppc.vol.17.num.2.2012.11318

Muthén, B. (1984). A general structural equation model with dichotomous, ordered categorical, and continuous latent variable indicators. Psychometrika, 49(1), 115-132.

Pedersen, S. S., & Denollet, J. (2003). Type D personality, cardiac events, and impaired quality of life: a review. European Journal of Cardiovascular Prevention & Rehabilitation, 10(4), 241-248. doi: 10.1097/01.hjr.0000085246.65733.06

Pedersen, S. S., & Denollet, J. (2004). Validity of the Type D personality construct in Danish post-MI patients and healthy controls. Journal of Psychosomatic Research, 57(3), 265-272. doi: 10.1016/S0022-3999(03)00614-7

Pedersen, S. S., Theuns, D. A., Muskens-Heemskerk, A., Erdman, R. A. & Jordaens, L. (2007). Type-D personality but not implantable cardioverter-defibrillator indication is associated with impaired health-related quality of life 3 months post-implantation. Europace, 9(8), 675-680. doi: 10.1093/europace/eum041

Pedersen, S. S., van Domburg, R. T., Theuns, D. A., Jordaens, L. & Erdman, R. A. (2004). Type D personality is associated with increased anxiety and depressive symptoms in patients with an implantable cardioverter defibrillator and their partners. Psychosomatic Medicine, 66(5), 714-719. doi: 10.1097/01.psy.0000132874.52202.21

Polman, R., Borkoles, E., & Nicholls, A. R. (2010). Type D personality, stress, and symptoms of burnout: The influence of avoidance coping and social support. British Journal of Health Psychology, 15(3), 681-696. doi: 10.1348/135910709x479069

Putnick, D. L., & Bornstein, M. H. (2016). Measurement Invariance Conventions and Reporting: The State of the Art and Future Directions for Psychological Research. Developmental review, 41, 71-90. Doi: 10.1016/j.dr.2016.06.004

Rosenfield, S., & Mouzon, D. (2013). Gender and mental health. In Handbook of the sociology of mental health (pp. 277-296). Springer, Dordrecht.

Ruch, W. (1992). Pavlov's types of nervous system, Eysenck's typology and the Hippocrates-Galen temperaments: An empirical examination of the asserted correspondence of three temperament typologies. Personality and Individual Differences, 13(12), 1259-1271. doi: 10.1016/0191-8869(92)90168-O

Sher, L. (2005). Type D personality: the heart, stress, and cortisol. Qjm, 98(5), 323-329. doi: 10.1093/qjmed/hci064

Spindler, H., Kruse, C., ZwislerA.,. & Pedersen, S. (2009). Increased anxiety and depression in Danish cardiac patients with a type D personality: Cross-validation of the type D scale (DS14). International Journal of Behavioral Medicine, 16(2), 98-107. doi: 10.1007/s12529-009-9037-5

Stansfeld, S., & Candy, B. (2006). Psychosocial work environment and mental health—a meta-analytic review. Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health, 443-462. doi: 10.5271/sjweh.1050

Stelmack, R. M., & Stalikas, A. (1991). Galen and the humour theory of temperament. Personality and Individual Differences, 12(3), 255-263. doi: 10.1016/0191-8869(91)90111-N

Stochl, J., Jones, P. B., & Croudace, T. J. (2012). Mokken scale analysis of mental health and well-being questionnaire item responses: a non-parametric IRT method in empirical research for applied health researchers. BMC medical research methodology, 12, 74. doi:10.1186/1471-2288-12-74

Svansdottir, E., Karlsson, H. D., Gudnason, T., Olason, D. T., Thorgilsson, H., Sigtryggsdottir, U.,... & Denollet, J. (2012). Validity of Type D personality in Iceland: association with disease severity and risk markers in cardiac patients. Journal of Behavioral Medicine, 35(2), 155-166. doi: 10.1007/s10865-011-9337-5

Theorell, T., Hammarström, A., Aronsson, G., Bendz, L. T., Grape, T., Hogstedt, C.,... & Hall, C. (2015). A systematic review including meta-analysis of work environment and depressive symptoms. BMC public health, 15(1), 738. doi: 10.1186/s12889-015-1954-4

Van der Ark, L.A. (2007). Mokken Scale Analysis in R. Journal of Statistical Software, 20(11), 1-19. doi: 10.18637/jss.v020.i11

Watson, D., Clark, L. A., & Tellegen, A. (1988). Development and validation of brief measures of positive and negative affect: The PANAS scales. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology; 54, 1063-1070. doi: 10.1037/0022-3514.54.6.1063

Weng, C.Y., Denollet, J., Lin, C.L., Lin, T.K., Wang, W.C., Lin, J.J., Wong, S.S. & Mols, F. (2013). The validity of the type D construct and its assessment in Taiwan. BMC Psychiatry, 13(46), 1-9. Ddoi: 10.1186/1471-244X-13-46

Whitehead, D. L., Perkins-Porras, L., Strike, P. C., Magid, K., & Steptoe, A. (2007). Cortisol awakening response is elevated in acute coronary syndrome patients with type-D personality. Journal of Psychosomatic Research, 62(4), 419-425. doi: 10.1016/j.jpsychores.2006.11.005

Williams, L., O’Carroll, R. E., & O’Connor, R. C. (2009). Type D personality and cardiac output in response to stress. Psychology and Health, 24(5), 489-500. doi: 10.1080/08870440701885616

Williams, L., O'Connor, R. C., Howard, S., Hughes, B. M., Johnston, D. W., Hay, J. L.,... & Grealy, M. A. (2008). Type-D personality mechanisms of effect: the role of health-related behavior and social support. Journal of Psychosomatic Research, 64(1), 63-69. doi: 10.1016/j.jpsychores.2007.06.008
Publicado
2018-12-05
Sección
Artículos Originales Breves