Expansion of Knowledge, Practice and Public Policy with the ICD-11 for Psychologists and Mental Health Professionals: A Literature Review and Critical Analysis

Keywords: ICD-11, Mental Disorders, Psychology, Clinical Practice, Public Health


Background: Mental disorders are alterations in several functional domains of human beings that trigger greater morbidity and mortality if not adequately addressed. The International Classification of Diseases 11th Revision (ICD11) is a recently approved global and modern system to guide clinical practice faced with these disorders and other conditions. State of the art: Despite the imminent implementation of this system in member states, the guidelines on its scientific basis, practice and importance in public health have been published in a scattered manner, with a mainly medical psychiatric target audience, hence, it is necessary to unify these guidelines in a unique text. Therefore, the objective of this review was to analyze three associated aspects: (a) current knowledge of the matter, (b) its application in psychological practice, and (c) reflection concerning the implications on public health policies. To do this, these aspects were divided into 10 sections with the most relevant topics, and examples to facilitate their use and comments to promote understanding were described. Conclusions: This paper presents a review that comprehensively addresses knowledge-practice-policy triad of mental disorders of the ICD-11.

Authors’ contributions

The authors participated equally in the preparation of this paper


Download data is not yet available.


Almeida, M. S. C., Sousa-Filho, L. F., Rabelo, P. M., & Santiago, B. M. (2020). International Classification of Diseases – 11th revision: From Design to Implementation. Revista de Saúde Pública, 54, 104. https://doi.org/10.11606/S15188787.2020054002120

Alves, L. E., Monteiro, B. M. M., & Souza, J. C. (2020). Comparison of the Classification of Child DevelopmentDisorders Using DSM-5, ICD-10 and ICD-11. Research, Society and Development, 9(10), e6579109058-e6579109058. https://doi.org/10.33448/RSD-V9I10.9058

American Psychiatric Association. (2022). Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (5th ed., text revision). American Psychiatric Publishing.

Appelbaum, P. S. (2017). Moving Toward the Future in the Diagnosis of Mental Disorders. Psychological Science in the Public Interest, 18(2), 67-71. https://doi.org/10.1177/1529100617727267

Arntz, A., Mensink, K., Cox, W. R., Verhoef, R. E. J., Van Emmerik, A. A. P., Rameckers, S. A., Badenbach, T., & Grasman, R. P. P. P. (2022). Dropout from Psychological Treatment for Borderline Personality Disorder: A Multilevel Survival Meta-Analysis. Psychological Medicine, 53(3), 668-686. https://doi.org/10.1017/ S0033291722003634

Asociación Psiquiátrica Mexicana. (2022, January 26). Sesión: La importancia de la CIE-11 en Salud Mental Forense [Session: The Importance of the ICD-11 in Forensic Mental Health]. [Video]. Facebook. https://m.facebook.com/AsociacionPsiquiatricaMexicana/videos/sesión-la-importancia-de-la-cie-11-en-saludmental- forense/523824185500100/?__so__=perma link&__rv__=related_videos&locale=ne_NP&_rdr

Bach, B., Bo, S., & Keeley, J. W. (2022). Diagnostic Systems and Models: DSM-5 Criteria, ICD-11 Guidelines, and Dimensional Horizons. In G. J. G. Asmundson (Ed.), Comprehensive Clinical Psychology (2nd ed., pp. 36- 58). Elsevier. https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-12-818697-8.00111-4

Bach, B., & Simonsen, S. (2021). How does Level of Personality Functioning Inform Clinical Management and Treatment? Implications for ICD-11 Classification of Personality Disorder Severity. Current Opinion in Psychiatry, 34(1), 54-63. https://doi.org/10.1097/YCO.0000000000000658

Baleige, A., De la Chenelière, M., Dassonneville, C., & Martin, M. J. (2022). Following ICD-11, Rebuilding Mental Health Care for Transgender Persons: Leads from Field Experimentations in Lille, France. Transgender Health, 7(1), 1-6. https://doi.org/10.1089/ trgh.2020.0143

Balling, C. E., South, S. C., Lynam, D. R., & Samuel, D. B. (2023). Clinician Perception of the Clinical Utility of the Hierarchical Taxonomy of Psychopathology (HiTOP) System. Clinical Psychological Science, 0(0). https://doi.org/10.1177/21677026221138818

Belloni, M., Carrino, L., & Meschi, E. (2022). The Impact of Working Conditions on Mental Health: Novel Evidence from the UK. Labour Economics, 76, 102176. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.labeco.2022.102176

Bründl, S., & Fuss, J. (2021). Impulskontrollstörungen in der ICD-11 [Impulse control disorders in the ICD-11]. Forensische Psychiatrie, Psychologie, Kriminologie, 15(1), 20-29. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11757-020-00649-2

Carroll, A., Walvisch, J., & Marsh, T. (2022). Personality Disorders and Forensic Assessments: The Benefits of ICD-11. Medicine, Science and the Law. Advanced Online Publication. https://doi.org/10.1177/00258024221094188

Caux-Harry, R. (2018, June 27). It is Coming: ICD-11 Released. In 3M Inside Angle. https://insideangle.3m.com/his/blog-post/it-is-coming-icd-11-released/

Chapman, S. (2019, June 28). Clinical Descriptions and Diagnostic Guidelines (CDDG) for ICD 11 Mental, Behavioural and Neurodevelopmental Disorders. Dx Revision Watch. https://wp.me/pKrrB-4IQ

Chute, C. G., & Çelik, C. (2022). Overview of ICD-11 Architecture and Structure. BMC Medical Informatics and Decision Making, 21(6), 378. https://doi.org/ 10.1186/s12911-021-01539-1

Columbia Psychiatry. (2022, February 4). Why There Are Two Classification Systems in Psychiatry and How They Differ. [Video]. Youtube. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=aHL4rWUEuYg

Conway, C. C., Forbes, M. K., & South, S. C. (2021). A Hierarchical Taxonomy of Psychopathology (HiTOP). Primer for Mental Health Researchers. Clinical Psychological Science, 10(2), 236-258. https://doi.org/10.1177/21677026211017834

Corrigan, P. W., Druss, B. G., & Perlick, D. A. (2014). The Impact of Mental Illness Stigma on Seeking and Participating in Mental Health Care. Psychological Science in the Public Interest, 15(2), 37-70. https://doi.org/10.1177/1529100614531398

Evans, S. C., Reed, G. M., Roberts, M. C., Esparza, P., Watts, A. D., Correia, J. M., Ritchie, P., Maj, M., & Saxena, S. (2013). Psychologists’ Perspectives on the Diagnostic Classification of Mental Disorders: Results from the WHO-IUPsyS Global Survey. International Journal of Psychology, 48(3), 177-193. https://doi.org/10.1080/00207594.2013.804189

File, T., & Marlay, M. (2022). Regardless of household type, LGBT adults struggled more with mental health than non-LGBT adults. In US Census Bureau. https://www.census.gov/library/stories/2022/06/lgbt-adultsreport-anxiety-depression-during-pandemic.html

Fiorillo, A., & Falkai, P. (2021). The ICD-11 is Coming to Town! Educational Needs, Paradigm Shifts and Innovations in Mental Health Care Practice. European Psychiatry, 64(1), 73. https://doi.org/10.1192/J.EURPSY.2021.2254

First, M. B., Gaebel, W., Maj, M., Stein, D. J., Kogan, C. S., Saunders, J. B., Poznyak, V. B., Gureje, O., Lewis- Fernández, R., Maercker, A., Brewin, C. R., Cloitre, M., Claudino, A., Pike, K. M., Baird, G., Skuse, D., Krueger, R. B., Briken, P., Burke, J. D., … Reed, G. M. (2021). An Organization- and Category-Level Comparison of Diagnostic Requirements for Mental Disorders in ICD- 11 and DSM-5. World Psychiatry, 20(1), 34-51. https://doi.org/10.1002/WPS.20825

Gaebel, W., & Kerst, A. (2019). ICD-11 Mental, Behavioural or Neurodevelopmental Disorders: Innovations and Managing Implementation. Archives of Psychiatry and Psychotherapy, 21(3), 7-12. https://doi.org/10.12740/APP/111494

Gaebel, W., Stricker, J., & Kerst, A. (2022). Changes from ICD-10 to ICD-11 and Future Directions in Psychiatric Classification. Dialogues in Clinical Neuroscience, 22(1), 7-15. https://doi.org/10.31887/DCNS.2020.22.1/WGAEBEL

García-López, E. (2022). CIE-11 y Psicopatología forense para el sistema de justicia en América Latina [ICD-11 and Forensic Psychopathology for the Justice System in Latin America]. https://doi.org/10.13140/RG.2.2.10896.28165

Garralda, E. (2016). ICD-11-Comparison with DSM-5 and Implications for Child & Adolescent Psychiatric Disorders. In M. Hodes & S. Gau (Eds.), Positive Mental Health, Fighting Stigma and Promoting Resiliency for Children and Adolescents (pp. 15-35). Academic Press. https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-12-804394-3.00002-4

Garralda, E. (2021). ICD 11 Through the Lens of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry. https://bupnet.dk/wp-content/uploads/2021/06/1-EG-Denmark-ICD-11-DS-June- 20215377.pdf

Gelezelyte, O., Kvedaraite, M., Kairyte, A., Roberts, N. P., Bisson, J. I., & Kazlauskas, E. (2022). The Mediating Role of Complex Posttraumatic Stress and Borderline Pattern Symptoms on the Association Between Sexual Abuse and Suicide Risk. Borderline Personality Disorder and Emotion Dysregulation, 9(1), 13. https://doi.org/10.1186/s40479-022-00183-z

Goldberg, D. P., Lam, T.-P., Minhas, F., Razzaque, B., Robles, R., Bobes, J., Iglesias, C., Fortes, S., Mari, J. de J., Gask, L., García, J. Á., Dowell, A. C., Rosendal, M., & Reed, G. M. (2017). Primary Care Physicians’ Use of the Proposed Classification of Common Mental Disorders for ICD-11. Family Practice, 34(5), 574-580. https://doi.org/10.1093/fampra/cmx033

Goldberg, D. P., Prisciandaro, J. J., & Williams, P. (2012). The Primary Health Care Version of ICD-11: The Detection of Common Mental Disorders in General Medical Settings. General Hospital Psychiatry, 34(6), 665-670. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.1016/j.genhosppsych.2012.06.006

Golpira, R., Azadmanjir, Z., Zarei, J., Hashemi, N., Meidani, Z., Vahedi, A., Bakhshandeh, H., Fakharian, E., & Sheikhtaheri, A. (2021). Evaluation of the Implementation of International Classification of Diseases, 11th Revision for Morbidity Coding: Rationale and Study Protocol. Informatics in Medicine Unlocked, 25, 100668. https://doi.org/10.1016/J.IMU.2021.100668

Gozi, A. (2019). Highlights of ICD-11 Classification of Mental, Behavioral, and Neurodevelopmental Disorders. Indian Journal of Private Psychiatry, 13(1), 11-17. https://doi.org/10.5005/JP-JOURNALS-10067-0030

Graham, D. M. (2019). Non-Conforming, Part 1: ICD-11. The Lancet Psychiatry, 6(6), 470-471. https://doi.org/10.1016/S2215-0366(19)30168-3

Guggenheim, F. G. (2013). Public Health Aspects of Diagnosis and Classification of Mental and Behavioral Disorders: Refining the Research Agenda for DSM-5 and ICD-11. The Journal of Clinical Psychiatry, 74(7),e664. https://doi.org/10.4088/JCP.13BK08586

Gureje, O., Lewis-Fernandez, R., Hall, B. J., & Reed, G. M. (2020). Cultural Considerations in the Classification of Mental Disorders: Why and How in ICD-11. BMC Medicine, 18(1), 1-2. https://doi.org/10.1186/S12916-020-1493-4

Hall, H. V. (2022). Criminal- and Civil-Forensic Factors in a Methamphetamine Murder Case. In H. V. Hall & J. G. Poirier (Eds.), Forensic Psychology and Neuropsychology for Criminal and Civil Cases (2nd ed.). CRC Press. https://doi.org/I0.4324/9781003213307

Harrison, J. E., Weber, S., Jakob, R., & Chute, C. G. (2021). ICD-11: An International Classification of Diseases for the Twenty-First Century. BMC Medical Informatics and Decision Making, 21(6), 1-10. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12911-021-01534-6

Herpertz, S. C., Schneider, I., Renneberg, B., & Schneider, A. (2022). Patients with Personality Disorders in Everyday Clinical Practice. Dtsch Arztebl International, 119(1-2), 1-7. https://doi.org/10.3238/arztebl.m2022.0001

Hooley, J. M., Nock, M. K., & Butcher, J. N. (2021). Abnormal Psychology (18th ed., pp. 77-119). Pearson Education Limited.

Hualparuca-Olivera, L. (2022). Cultural Lenses of the Utility of the ICD-11-PD Model: Integrating the Peruvian Context. Frontiers Psychiatry, 13, 1016471. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyt.2022.1016471

Hualparuca-Olivera, L., Ramos Campos, D. N., Arauco Vivas, P. A., & Coz, R. M. (2022). Integrative Dimensional Personality Inventory for ICD-11: Development and Evaluation in the Peruvian Correctional Setting. Liberabit, 28(1), e540. https://doi.org/10.24265/liberabit.2022.v28n1.05

Hyeji, K., Doyeon, A., Yeojin, L., and Hyekyung, W. (2022). An overview and future challenges of the WHO International Classification of Disease ICD-11. J Heal.Info Stat, 47(4), 241-249. https://doi.org/10.21032/jhis.2022.47.4.241

Ibrahim, I., Alrashidi, M., Al-Salamin, M., Kostanjsek, N., Jakob, R., Azam, S., Al-Mazeedi, N., & Alasoomi, F. (2022). ICD-11 Morbidity Pilot in Kuwait: Methodology and Lessons Learned for Future Implementation. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 19(5), 3057. https://doi.org/10.3390/IJERPH19053057

International Federation of Health Information Management Associations. (2021). IFHIMA fosters planning for ICD-11 adoption with global case studies. https://ifhimasitemedia.s3.us-east-2.amazon aws.com/wp-content/uploads/2021/02/07232231/IFHIMA_ICD_WP_FINAL_02_06_2021.pdf

Iliakis, E. A., Ilagan, G. S., & Choi-Kain, L. W. (2021). Dropout Rates from Psychotherapy Trials for Borderline Personality Disorder: A Meta-Analysis. Personality Disorders: Theory, Research, and Treatment, 12(3), 193-206. https://doi.org/10.1037/PER0000453

Instituto Nacional de Salud Mental. (2019). Estudio epidemiológico de salud mental en hospitales regionales - 2015 [Epidemiological Study of Mental Health in Regional Hospitals - 2015]. https:// www.insm.gob.pe/investigacion/archivos/estudios/ 2020/Vol XXXV 2019 Nro1 EESM en Hospitales Regionales.pdf

Kamenov, K., Twomey, C., Cabello, M., Prina, A. M., & Ayuso-Mateos, J. L. (2017). The Efficacy of Psychotherapy, Pharmacotherapy and their Combination on Functioning and Quality of Life in Depression: A Meta-Analysis. Psychological Medicine, 47(3), 414-425. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0033291716002774

Keeley, J. W. (2016). Improving the Clinical Utility of Mental Disorder Classifications. Division 12 of the American Psychological Association. https://div12.org/ improving-the-clinical-utility-of-mental-disorderclassifications/

Keeley, J. W., Reed, G. M., Roberts, M. C., Evans, S. C., Medina-Mora, M. E., Robles, R., Rebello, T., Sharan, P., Gureje, O., First, M. B., Andrews, H. F., Ayuso- Mateos, J. L., Gaebel, W., Zielasek, J., & Saxena, S. (2016). Developing a Science of Clinical Utility in Diagnostic Classification Systems Field Study Strategies for ICD-11 Mental and Behavioral Disorders. The American Psychologist, 71(1), 3-16. https://doi.org/10.1037/a0039972

Kielkiewicz, K. (2019). Consequences of the Lack of Focus on the Aetiology of Mental Disorders in the Psychiatric Perspective of Mental Health. In K. Kielkiewicz (Ed.), Psychological Perspectives on Health and Disease, vol. 2. Manifestation and Diagnoses of Health Conditions (pp. 4-10). University of Economics and Human Sciences Press. https://doi.org/10.5709/PPHD-2-1

Kountouras, G., & Sotirgiannidou, K. (2022). Psychodiagnostic Classification Systems: A Critical View. International Journal of Social Science Research and Review, 5(4), 30-40. https://doi.org/10.47814/IJSSRR.V5I4.226

Kramer, U., Eubanks, C. F., Bertsch, K., Herpertz, S. C., McMain, S., Mehlum, L., Renneberg, B., & Zimmermann, J. (2022). Future Challenges in Psychotherapy Research for Personality Disorders. Current Psychiatry Reports, 24(11), 613-622. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11920-022- 01379-4

Kramer, U., Ranjbar, S., & Caspar, F. (2022). Using Case Formulation for Prediction of the Therapeutic Alliance in Treatment for Borderline Personality Disorder. Personality Disorders. https://doi.org/10.1037/per0000555

Krasnov, V. N. (2021). ICD-11 as a Paradigm Shift Phase in the Classification of Mental Disorders. Consortium Psychiatricum, 2(2), 72-75. https://doi.org/10.17816/ CP70

Krawczyk, P., & Swiecicki, L. (2020). ICD-11 vs. ICD-10 - a review of updates and novelties introduced in the latest version of the WHO International Classification of Diseases. Psychiatria Polska, 54(1), 7-20. https://doi.org/10.12740/PP/103876

Kring, A. M., & Johnson, S. L. (2021). Abnormal Psychology: The Science and Treatment of Psychological Disorders (15th ed.). John Wiley & Sons,Inc.

Kulygina, M. A., Syunyakov, T. S., Fedotov, I. A., & Kostyuk, G. P. (2021). Toward ICD-11 Implementation: Attitudes and expectations of the Russian Psychiatric Community. Consortium Psychiatricum, 2(2), 23-34. https://doi.org/10.17816/CP80

Kyanko, K. A., A. Curry, L., E. Keene, D., Sutherland, R., Naik, K., & Busch, S. H. (2022). Does Primary Care Fill the Gap in Access to Specialty Mental Health Care? A Mixed Methods Study. Journal of General Internal Medicine, 37(7), 1641-1647. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11606-021-07260-z

Leichsenring, F., Steinert, C., Rabung, S., & Ioannidis, J.P. A. (2022). The Efficacy of Psychotherapies and Pharmacotherapies for Mental Disorders in Adults: An Umbrella Review and Meta-Analytic Evaluation of Recent Meta-Analyses. World Psychiatry, 21(1), 133-145. https://doi.org/10.1002/WPS.20941

Lindmeier, C. (2022). WHO’s New International Classification of Diseases (ICD-11) Comes Into Effect. Pan American Health Organization. https://www. paho.org/en/news/11-2-2022-whos-new-internationalclassification- diseases-icd-11-comes-effect

Lindmeier, C., & Joi, P. (2018). WHO Releases New International Classification of Diseases (ICD-11). Pan American Health Organization. https://www.paho.org/ en/news/18-6-2018-who-releases-new-internationalclassification-diseases-icd-11

Livesley, W. J. (2018). Integrated Modular Treatment. In W. J. Livesley & R. Larstone (Eds.), Handbook of Personality Disorders: Theory, Research, and Treatment (pp. 645-673). The Guilford Press.

Maercker, A. (2022). The ICD-11 Diagnoses in the Mental Health Field – An Innovative Mixture. Clinical Psychology in Europe, 4(Special Issue), Article e10647. https://doi.org/10.32872/cpe.10647

Mead, D., & Sharpe, M. (2019). Pornography and sexuality research papers at the 5th International Conference on Behavioral Addictions. Sexual Addiction & Compulsivity, 25(4), 248-268. https://doi.org/10.1080/10720162.2019.1578312

Menon, G. R., Yadav, J., Aggarwal, S., Singh, R., Kaur, S., Chakma, T., Periyasamy, M., Venkateswaran, C., Singh, P. K., Balachandar, R., Kulkarni, R., Grover, A., Mishra, B. K., Viray, M., Devi, K. R., Singh, K. H. J., Saha, K. B., Barde, P. V, Thomas, B., … Panda, S. (2022). Psychological Distress and Burnout Among Healthcare Worker During COVID-19 Pandemic in India - A Cross- Sectional Study. PLOS ONE, 17(3), e0264956. https://doi.org/10.1371/JOURNAL.PONE.0264956

Messias, E. (2020). Positive Psychiatry: An Introduction. In E. Messias, H. Peseschkian & C. Cagande (Eds.), Positive Psychiatry, Psychotherapy and Psychology: Clinical Applications (pp. 3-9). Springer Nature Switzerland AG. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-33264-8_1

Michelini, G., Palumbo, I. M., DeYoung, C. G., Latzman, R. D., & Kotov, R. (2021). Linking RDoC and HiTOP: A New Interface for Advancing Psychiatric Nosology and Neuroscience. Clinical Psychology Review, 86, 102025. https://doi.org/10.1016/J.CPR.2021.102025

Miles, L. (2018). Diagnosing and Classifying Psychological Disorders. OpenStax; Hostos Community College Library. https://guides.hostos.cuny.edu/psy142/2-1

Ministerio de Salud. (2011). Norma técnica de salud «Categorías de establecimientos del sector salud» [Technical health standard ‘Categories of Health Sector Establishments’]. (RMN° 546-2011-MINSA). https://www.gob.pe/institucion/minsa/normas-legales/ 243402-546-2011-minsa

Ministerio de Salud. (2021). Manual de registro y codificación de actividades en la atención salud de salud mental: Sistema de información HIS [Manual for Registration and Coding of activities in mental health care: HIS Information System]. https://www.gob.pe/institucion/minsa/informes-publicaciones/3249452-manual-de-registro-y-codificacion-de-actividades-enla- atencion-salud-de-salud-mental-sistema-deinformacion-his

Mulder, R. T. (2012). Why we Need a New Classification of Personality Disorders. https://www.projectairstrategy.org/content/groups/public/@web/@ihmri/documents/doc/uow140684.pdf

Münch, R., Walter, H., & Müller, S. (2020). Should Behavior Harmful to Others be a Sufficient Criterion of Mental Disorders? Conceptual Problems of the Diagnoses of Antisocial Personality Disorder and Pedophilic Disorder. Frontiers in Psychiatry, 11, 954. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyt.2020.558655

O’Brien, E. (2022). Major Diagnostic Differences BetweenDSM-5 and ICD-11. Psychiatric Times. https://www. psychiatrictimes.com/view/major-diagnosticdifferences-between-dsm-5-and-icd-11

Paniagua, F. A. (2018). ICD-10 versus DSM-5 on Cultural Issues: SAGE Open, 8(1). https://doi.org/10.1177/2158244018756165

Patel, K., Caddy, C., & Tracy, D. K. (2017). Who do they think we are? Public perceptions of psychiatrists and psychologists. Advances in Mental Health, 16(1), 65- 76. https://doi.org/10.1080/18387357.2017.1404433

Peseschkian, H., & Remmers, A. (2020). Positive Psychotherapy: An Introduction. In E. Messias, H. Peseschkian, & C. Cagande (Eds.), Positive Psychiatry, Psychotherapy and Psychology: Clinical Applications,(pp. 11-32). Springer Nature Switzerland AG. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-33264-8_2

Peterson, C. (2009). Psychological Approaches to Mental Illness. In T. L. Scheid & T. N. E. Brown (Eds.), A Handbook for the Study of Mental Health: Social Contexts, Theories, and Systems (2nd ed., pp. 89-105). Cambridge University Press. https://doi.org/10.1017/CBO9780511984945.008

Pezzella, P. (2022). The ICD-11 is Now Officially in Effect. World Psychiatry, 21(2), 331-332. https://doi.org/10.1002/wps.20982

Quiroz-Valdivia, R., Chávez-Gonzales, W., & Holgado- Canales, M. (1997). Estructura y contenido del síndrome esquizofrénico del hombre andino de la subregión Cusco (Perú) [Structure and Content of the Schizophrenic Syndrome of the Andean Man of the Cusco Subregion (Peru)]. Situa, 5(10). https://sisbib.unmsm.edu.pe/Bvrevistas/situa/1997_n10/sesquizofrenico.htm

Ramírez, P. G., & Dzib, J. P. (2022). Errores en los dictámenes psicológicos forenses (impacto en la memoria, falsos positivos, falsos negativos) [Errors in Forensic Psychological Opinions (Impact on Memory, False Positives, False Negatives)]. South Florida Journal of Development, 3(2), 2643-2660. https://doi.org/10.46932/sfjdv3n2-084

Razzaque, B., & Minhas, F. A. (2018). International Classification of Diseases-11: Primary Care Perspective. Indian Journal of Social Psychiatry, 34(5), 75-78.https://doi.org/10.4103/IJSP.IJSP_77_17

Reed, G. M. (2010). Toward ICD-11: Improving the Clinical Utility of WHO’s International Classification of Mental Disorders. Professional Psychology: Research and Practice, 41(6), 457-464. https://doi.org/10.1037/A0021701

Reed, G. M. (2021). An Introduction to ICD-11 Mental, Behavioural and Neurodevelopmental Disorders:
Summary and Close. https://www.rcpsych.ac.uk/docs/default-source/events/development/icd-11/calc-g-1.pdf?sfvrsn=edd2f1ab_4

Reed, G. M., First, M. B., Billieux, J., Cloitre, M., Briken, P., Achab, S., Brewin, C. R., King, D. L., Kraus, S. W., &
Bryant, R. A. (2022). Emerging Experience with Selected New Categories in the ICD-11: Complex PTSD, Prolonged Grief Disorder, Gaming Disorder, and Compulsive Sexual Behaviour Disorder. World
Psychiatry, 21(2), 189-213. https://doi.org/10.1002/WPS.20960

Reed, G. M., First, M. B., Kogan, C. S., Hyman, S. E., Gureje, O., Gaebel, W., Maj, M., Stein, D. J., Maercker, A., Tyrer,
P., Claudino, A., Garralda, E., Salvador-Carulla, L., Ray, R., Saunders, J. B., Dua, T., Poznyak, V., Medina-Mora,
M. E., Pike, K. M., … Saxena, S. (2019). Innovations and Changes in the ICD-11 Classification of Mental,
Behavioural and Neurodevelopmental Disorders. World Psychiatry, 18(1), 3-19. https://doi.org/10.1002/WPS.20611

Reed, G. M., Keeley, J. W., Rebello, T. J., First, M. B., Gureje, O., Ayuso-Mateos, J. L., Kanba, S., Khoury, B., Kogan,
C. S., Krasnov, V. N., Maj, M., de Jesus Mari, J., Sharan, P., Stein, D. J., Zhao, M., Akiyama, T., Andrews, H. F.,
Asevedo, E., Cheour, M., … Medina-Mora, M. E. (2018). Clinical Utility of ICD-11 Diagnostic Guidelines
for High-Burden Mental Disorders: Results from Mental Health Settings in 13 Countries. World
Psychiatry, 17(3), 306-315. https://doi.org/10.1002/WPS.20581

Reed, G. M., Sharan, P., Rebello, T. J., Keeley, J. W., Elena Medina-Mora, M., Gureje, O., Luis Ayuso-Mateos, J.,
Kanba, S., Khoury, B., Kogan, C. S., Krasnov, V. N., Maj, M., de Jesus Mari, J., Stein, D. J., Zhao, M., Akiyama, T., Andrews, H. F., Asevedo, E., Cheour, M.,… Pike, K. M. (2018). The ICD-11 Developmental Field Study of Reliability of Diagnoses of High-Burden Mental Disorders: Results Among Adult Patients in Mental Health Settings of 13 Countries. World Psychiatry, 17(2), 174-186. https://doi.org/10.1002/wps.20524

Regier, D. A., Goldberg, D. P., Üstün, B. T., & Reed, G. M. (2020). DSM-5 and ICD-11 classifications. In J. R.
Geddes, N. C. Andreasen, & G. M. Goodwin (Eds.), New Oxford Textbook of Psychiatry (3th ed., pp. 51-61).
Oxford University Press. Robles-García, R., & Reed, G. M. (2017). WHO’s ICD-11 for Primary Health Care. Salud Mental, 4(2), 45-46.

Robles, R., De la Peña, F. R., Medina-Mora, M. E., Márquez- Caraveo, M. E. de los D., Domínguez, T., Juárez, F.,
Rojas, A. G., Sarmiento-Hernández, E. I., Feria, M., Sosa, L., Aguerre, R. E., Ortiz, S., Real, T., Rebello, T., Sharan,
P., & Reed, G. M. (2021). ICD-11 Guidelines for Mental and Behavioral Disorders of Children and Adolescents:
Reliability and Clinical Utility. Psychiatric Services,73(4), 396-402. https://doi.org/10.1176/APPI.PS.202000830

Roessner, V., Ehrlich, S., & Vetter, N. C. (2016). Child and Adolescent Psychiatry in ICD-11: An Opportunity to
Overcome Mistakes Made in DSM-5? European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry, 25(9), 935-938. https://doi.org/10.1007/S00787-016-0894-6

Sarý, T., & Schlechter, A. D. (2020). Positive Psychology: An Introduction. In E. Messias, H. Peseschkian, & C.
Cagande (Eds.), Positive Psychiatry, Psychotherapy and Psychology: Clinical Applications (pp. 33-46).
Springer Nature Switzerland AG. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-33264-8_3

Saxena, S., Esparza, P., Regier, D. A., Saraceno, B., & Sartorius, N. (2012). Public Health Aspects of
Diagnosis and Classification of Mental and Behavioral Disorders: Refining the Research Agenda
for DSM-5 and ICD-11. American Psychiatric Association.

Seligman, M. E. P. (2019). Positive Psychology: A Personal History. Annual Review of Clinical Psychology, 15(1),
1-23. https://doi.org/10.1146/annurev-clinpsy-050718-095653

Semple, D., & Smyth, R. (2019). Oxford Handbook of Psychiatry (4th ed.). Oxford University Press.

Sharan, P., & Hans, G. (2021). Cultural Issues Related to ICD-11 Mental, Behavioural and Neurodevelopmental
Disorders. Consortium Psychiatricum, 2(2), 7-15.https://doi.org/10.17816/CP67

Sharan, P., & Keeley, J. (2018). Cultural Perspectives Related to International Classification of Diseases-11.
Indian Journal of Social Psychiatry, 34(5), 1.https://doi.org/10.4103/IJSP.IJSP_45_18

Shields, M., Dimov, S., Kavanagh, A., Milner, A., Spittal, M. J., & King, T. L. (2021). How do Employment
Conditions and Psychosocial Workplace Exposures Impact the Mental Health of Young Workers? A
Systematic Review. Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology, 56(7), 1147-1160. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00127-021-02077-x

Smirnova, M., & Parks, A. C. (2018). Positive Psychology Interventions: Clinical Applications. In D. S. Dunn
(Ed.), Positive Psychology: Established and Emerging Issues. (pp. 276-297). Routledge/Taylor & Francis

Stein, D. J., Szatmari, P., Gaebel, W., Berk, M., Vieta, E., Maj, M., de Vries, Y. A., Roest, A. M., de Jonge, P., Maercker,
A., Brewin, C. R., Pike, K. M., Grilo, C. M., Fineberg, N. A., Briken, P., Cohen-Kettenis, P. T., & Reed, G. M.
(2020). Mental, Behavioral and Neurodevelopmental Disorders in the ICD-11: An International Perspective
on Key Changes and Controversies. BMC Medicine, 18(1), 1-24. https://doi.org/10.1186/S12916-020-1495-2

Strik, W., Stegmayer, K., Walther, S., & Dierks, T. (2017). Systems Neuroscience of Psychosis: Mapping
Schizophrenia Symptoms onto Brain Systems. Neuropsychobiology, 75(3), 100-116. https://doi.org/10.1159/000485221

Taylor, S. (2022). Pandemics and Clinical Psychology. In G. J. G. Asmundson (Ed.), Comprehensive Clinical Psychology (2nd ed., pp. 151-166). Elsevier. https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-12-818697-8.00164-3

The Lancet Child & Adolescent Health. (2018). What does ICD-11 Mean for Child Health Professionals? The Lancet Child and Adolescent Health, 2(8), 543.https://doi.org/10.1016/S2352-4642(18)30211-6

The Psychology Practice. (2021). Diagnosis with DSM: An Interview with Professor Greg Murray. [Video].
Youtube. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-KOUNeGGdJw

Tyrer, P., & Mulder, R. (2022). Treatment and Outcome of Personality Disorder. In Personality Disorder: From
Evidence to Understanding (pp. 69-97). Cambridge University Press.

Ulfa, M., Azuma, M., & Steiner, A. (2022). Burnout Status of Healthcare Workers in the World During the Peak
Period of the COVID-19 Pandemic. Frontiers in Psychology, 13, 952783. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2022.952783

Vujnovic, M., Manukhina, O., Reed, G., Theodorakis, P., & Fountoulakis, K. (2021). ICD-11 Revision of Mental
Disorders: The Global Standard for Health Data, Clinical Documentation, and Statistical Aggregation.
Consortium Psychiatricum, 2(2), 3-6. https://doi.org/10.17816/CP74

Warren, A. (2017). WHO Improves ICD-11 focus on Mental Health Care in Primary Care Settings. https://www.

WHO Collaborating Centre for the Family of International Classifications (FIC) in the Netherlands. (2019).
Preparing the Region of the Americas for ICD-11. https://www.whofic.nl/preparing-region-of-americasfor-icd-11

World Health Organization. (2021). Mental Health and Forced Displacement. https://www.who.int/newsroom/

World Health Organization. (2022a). Addressing Mental Health Through Primary Care and Community
Engagement in the WHO South-East Asia Region.https://apps.who.int/iris/handle/10665/361248

World Health Organization. (2022b). ICD-11, the 11th Revision of the International Classification of
Diseases. https://icd.who.int/browse11/l-m/es#/http%3A%2F%2Fid.who.int%2Ficd%2Fentity%2F941859884

World Health Organization. (2022c). ICD-11 2022 Release. [News]. https://www.who.int/news/item/11-02-2022-icd-
11-2022-release World Health Organization. (2022d). ICD-11 International Classification of Diseases for Mortality and Morbidity
Statistics: Reference Guide. https://icdcdn.who.int/icd11referenceguide/en/html/index.html

World Health Organization. (2022e). Mental Disorders. https://www.who.int/news-room/fact-sheets/detail/

World Health Organization. (2022f). Mental Health at Work. https://www.who.int/news-room/fact-sheets/

Yang, M., Tyrer, P., & Tyrer, H. (2022). The Recording of Personality Strengths: An Analysis of the Impact of
Positive Personality Features on the Long-Term Outcome of Common Mental Disorders. Personality
and Mental Health, 16(2), 120-129. https://doi.org/10.1002/PMH.1548

Youmans, K. G. (2022). Background & Overview of ICD-11 Before Implementation in 2022. In Yes-Him Consulting. https://yes-himconsulting.com/icd-11-overview/
How to Cite
Hualparuca-Olivera, L., & Betalleluz Palomino, E. (2023, May 22). Expansion of Knowledge, Practice and Public Policy with the ICD-11 for Psychologists and Mental Health Professionals: A Literature Review and Critical Analysis. LIBERABIT. Revista Peruana De Psicología, 29(1), e623. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.24265/liberabit.2023.v29n1.623
Theoretical Articles