Razones para reducir el consumo de alcohol en universitarios

  • Karina Conde Instituto de Psicología Básica, Aplicada y Tecnología, Universidad Nacional de Mar del Plata; CONICET, Argentina
  • Raquel Inés Peltzer Instituto de Psicología Básica, Aplicada y Tecnología, Universidad Nacional de Mar del Plata; CONICET, Argentina
  • Aldana Lichtenberger Instituto de Psicología Básica, Aplicada y Tecnología, Universidad Nacional de Mar del Plata; CONICET, Argentina
  • Lucas Tosi Universidad Nacional de Mar del Plata; Subsecretaría de Salud Mental y Atención a las Adicciones, Argentina
  • Mariana Cremonte Instituto de Psicología Básica, Aplicada y Tecnología, Universidad Nacional de Mar del Plata; CONICET, Argentina
Palabras clave: razones, reducir, consumo de alcohol, universitarios

Resumen

Las razones para reducir el consumo de alcohol pueden ser definidas como motivos que llevan a una persona a disminuir el consumo de alcohol o mantener la sobriedad. Este tema suele ser poco estudiado, particularmente en países latinoamericanos y en poblaciones en riesgo. El objetivo de esta investigación de diseño secuencial exploratorio fue explorar las razones para cambiar el consumo de alcohol en universitarios que lo hayan modificado (N = 100), de la ciudad de Mar del Plata, Argentina, con una pregunta abierta. A su vez, la descripción se realizó sobre la base de la experiencia previa de consumo excesivo episódico del alcohol, trastornos por uso de alcohol, y el sexo de los participantes. Los resultados indican que el motivo más frecuente es el disgusto o indiferencia por la sustancia en casi todos los grupos considerados. Sin embargo, cuando el trastorno por uso de alcohol fue grave o moderado, se observaron diferencias. Se discuten los aportes teóricos de la investigación, entre ellos, comprender qué lleva a cada grupo a cambiar su consumo alcohol, y las implicancias para el desarrollo de intervenciones específicas basadas en esta información.

Doi: https://doi.org/10.24265/liberabit.2017.v23n2.06

Descargas

La descarga de datos todavía no está disponible.

Citas

American Psychiatric Association. (2013). The diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders: DSM 5. Arlington: American Psychiatric Association.

Amodeo, M., & Kurtz, N. R. (1998). Coping methods and reasons for not drinking. Substance Use & Misuse, 33(8), 1591-1610.

Anderson, K. G., Grunwald, I., Bekman, N., Brown, S. A., & Grant, A. (2011). To drink or not to drink: Motives and expectancies for use and nonuse in adolescence. Addictive Behaviors, 36(10), 972-979.

Babor, T. F. & Higgins-Biddle, J. C. (2001). Brief intervention for hazardous and harmful drinking: A manual for use in primary care. World Health Organization.

Bratberg, G. H., Wilsnack, S. C., Wilsnack, R., Haugland, S. H., Krokstad, S., Sund, E. R., & Bjørngaard, J. H. (2016). Gender differences and gender convergence in alcohol use over the past three decades (1984–2008), The HUNT Study, Norway. BMC public health, 16(1), 723.

Britton, A., & Bell, S. (2015). Reasons why people change their alcohol consumption in later life: Findings from the Whitehall II cohort study. PloS One, 10(3), e0119421.

Caldeira, K. M., Kasperski, S. J., Sharma, E., Vincent, K. B., O’Grady, K. E., Wish, E. D., & Arria, A. M. (2009). College students rarely seek help despite serious substance use problems. Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment, 37(4), 368-378.

Carballo, J. L., Sobell, L. C., Dum, M., Sobell, M. B., Fernández-Hermida, J. R., Secades-Villa, R., & García- Rodríguez, O. (2014). Self-change among Spanish speakers with alcohol and drug use disorders in Spain and the United States. Addictive Behaviors, 39(1), 225- 230.

Cicognani, E., & Zani, B. (2011). Alcohol use among Italian university students: The role of sensation seeking, peer group norms and self-efficacy. Journal of Alcohol and Drug Education, 55(2), 17-36.

Conde, K., Lichtenberger, A., Peltzer, R. I., & Cremonte, M. (2017). Consumo excesivo episódico de alcohol: cambio natural en estudiantes universitarios. Revista de Salud Pública, 21(2), 79-87.

Conde, K., Lichtenberger, A., Santángelo, P. R., & Cremonte, M. (2015). Natural recovery from alcohol use disorders in Argentinean university students. Journal of Substance Use, 21(5), 537-542. doi: 10.3109/ 14659891.2015.1082160

Cunningham, J. A., Blomqvist, J., Koski-Jännes, A., & Cordingley, J. (2005a). Current heavy drinkers’ reasons for considering change: Results from a natural history general population survey. Addictive Behaviors, 30(3), 581-584.

Cunningham, J. A., Blomqvist, J., Koski-Jännes, A., & Cordingley, J. (2005b). Maturing out of drinking problems: Perceptions of natural history as a function of severity. Addiction Research & Theory, 13(1), 79- 84.

Dawson, D. A. (1994). Are men or women more likely to stop drinking because of alcohol problems? Drug and Alcohol Dependence, 36(1), 57-64.

Epler, A. J., Sher, K. J., & Piasecki, T. M. (2009). Reasons for abstaining or limiting drinking: A developmental perspective. Psychology of Addictive Behaviors, 23(3), 428.

Ferri, M., Amato, L., & Davoli, M. (2006). Alcoholics anonymous and other 12 step programmes for alcohol dependence. London: The Cochrane Library.

Harrison, C., Hoonpongsimanont, W., Anderson, C. L., Roumani, S., Weiss, J., Chakravarthy, B., & Lotfipour, S. (2014). Readiness to change and reasons for intended reduction of alcohol consumption in emergency department versus trauma population. Western Journal of Emergency Medicine, 15(3), 337- 344. doi: 10.5811/westjem.2013.8.15829

Harwell, M. R. (2011). Research design in qualitative/ quantitative/mixed Methods. En C. F. Conrad & R. C. Serlin (Eds.), Handbook for research in education: Pursuing ideas as the keystone of exemplary inquiry (pp. 147-182). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications.

Herring, R., Bayley, M., & Hurcombe, R. (2014). «But no one told me it’s okay to not drink»: A qualitative study of young people who drink little or no alcohol. Journal of Substance Use, 19(1-2), 95-102.

Karam, E., Kypri, K., & Salamoun, M. (2007). Alcohol use among college students: An international perspective. Current Opinion in Psychiatry, 20(3), 213-221.

Kessler, R. C., & Üstün, T. B. (2004). The world mental health (WMH) survey initiative version of the world health organization (WHO) composite international diagnostic interview (CIDI). International Journal of Methods in Psychiatric Research, 13(2), 93-121.

Matzger, H., Kaskutas, L. A., & Weisner, C. (2005). Reasons for drinking less and their relationship to sustained remission from problem drinking. Addiction, 100(11), 1637-1646.

McClure, A. C., Stoolmiller, M., Tanski, S. E., Engels, R. C., & Sargent, J. D. (2013). Alcohol marketing receptivity, marketing specific cognitions, and underage binge drinking. Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research, 37(s1), E404-E413.

McHugh, M. L. (2012). Interrater reliability: The kappa statistic. Biochemia Medica, 22(3), 276-282.

Miller, W. R. (1996). Motivational interviewing: Research, practice, and puzzles. Addictive Behaviors, 21(6), 835- 842.

National Institute of Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism. (2004). NIAAA council approves definition of binge drinking. NIAAA Newsletter, 3, 3.

Oei, T. P., Sweeton, J., Dingle, G. A., & Chalmers, K. A. (1999). Psychometric properties of a quitting time for alcohol questionnaire: Factor structure, reliability, and validity. Addictive Behaviors, 24(3), 383-398.

O’Hara, R. E., Armeli, S., & Tennen, H. (2014). College students’ daily level reasons for not drinking. Drug and Alcohol Review, 33(4), 412-419.

Organización Mundial de la Salud. (2014). Global status report on alcohol and health, 2014. Organización Mundial de la Salud: Ginebra.

Rehm, J., Shield, K., Rehm, M., Gmel, G., & Frick, U. (2012). Alcohol consumption, alcohol dependence and attributable burden of disease in Europe. Potential Gains from Effective Interventions for Alcohol Dependence. Toronto: Centre for Addiction and Mental Health.

Rinker, D. V., & Neighbors, C. (2013). Reasons for not drinking and perceived injunctive norms as predictors of alcohol abstinence among college students. Addictive Behaviors, 38(7), 2261-2266.

Robins, L. N., Wing, J., Wittchen, H. U., Helzer, J. E., Babor, T. F., Burke, J., Regier, D. A. (1988). The composite international diagnostic interview. An epidemiologic instrument suitable for use in conjunction with different diagnostic systems and in different cultures. Archives of General Psychiatry, 45(12), 1069-1077.

Van Damme, J., Maes, L., Clays, E., Rosiers, J. F., Van Hal, G., & Hublet, A. (2013). Social motives for drinking in students should not be neglected in efforts to decrease problematic drinking. Health Education Research, 28(4), 640-650.

Vladimirov, D., Niemelä, S., Auvinen, J., Timonen, M., Keinänen-Kiukaanniemi, S., Ala-Mursula, L., ... Miettunen, J. (2016). Changes in alcohol use in relation to sociodemographic factors in early midlife. Scandinavian Journal of Public Health, 44(3), 249- 257.
Publicado
2017-11-30
Sección
Artículos Originales Breves