Psychometric properties of the «Spanish Burnout Inventory» (SBI) in a sample of Italian health professionals: a gender perspective

Keywords: burnout, Spanish Burnout Inventory,, SBI, gender, confirmatory factor analysis, factor invariance, health professionals

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to assess the psychometric properties of the Spanish Burnout Inventory (SBI) in a sample of Italian health professionals. The sample consisted of 695 participants: 453 nursing professionals and 242 physicians. Regarding the gender, 451 were women (64.9%) and 244 were men (35.1%). The SBI is composed of 20 items distributed in four dimensions: Enthusiasm towards the job (5 items), Psychological exhaustion (4 items), Indolence (6 items) and Guilt (5 items). The factor structure was examined through confirmatory factor analysis. All items achieved appropriate values for both statistical and psychometric parameters, just as the four scales did. The four-factor model consistent with the Spanish original obtained a good data fit for the whole sample, showing factor invariance in both samples (i.e., men vs. women). In conclusion, the SBI has adequate psychometric properties to study the burnout syndrome in Italian health professionals, regardless of their gender.

 

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Ahola, K. & Hakanen, J. (2007). Job strain, burnout, and depressive symptoms: A prospective study among dentists. Journal of Affective Disorders, 104, 103-110. doi:10.1016/j.jad.2007.03.004

Bianchi, R., Boffy, C., Hingray, C., Truchot, D., & Laurent, E. (2013). Comparative symptomatology of burnout and depression. Journal of Health Psychology, 18, 782-787. doi: 10.1177/1359105313481079

Bianchi, R., Schonfeld, I. S., & Laurent, E. (2015). Burnout-depression overlap: A review. Clinical Psychology Review, 36, 28-41. doi: 10.1016/j.cpr.2015.01.004

Bosle, A. & Gil-Monte, P. R. (2010). Psychometric properties of the Spanish Burnout Inventory in German professionals: Preliminary results. Ansiedad y Estrés, 6(2-3), 283-291.

Burisch, M. (2006). Das Burnout-Syndrom: Theorie der inneren Erschöpfung [The burnout-syndrome: A theory of inner exhaustion]. Heidelberg: Springer Medizin Verlag.

Byrne, B. (2001). Structural equation modeling with Amos. London, UK: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.

Carmines, E. G. & McIver, J. P. (1981). Analyzing models with unobserved variables: Analysis of covariance structures. En G.W. Bornstedt y E. F. Borgatta (Eds.), Social measurement: Current issues (pp. 112–133). Beverly Hills, CA: Sage.

Chao, S. F., McCallion, P., & Nickle, T. (2011). Factorial validity and consistency of the Maslach Burnout Inventory among staff working with persons with intellectual disability and dementia. Journal of Intellectual Disability Research, 55, 529-536. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2788.2011.01413.x

Cheung, G. W. & Rensvold, R. B. (2002). Evaluating goodness-of-fit indexes for testing measurement invariance. Structural Equation Modeling, 9, 233-255. doi: 10.1207/S15328007SEM0902_5

Cohen, J. (1988). Statistical power analysis for the behavioural sciences (2nd ed.). Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.

Farber, B. A. (2000). Treatment strategies for different types of teacher burnout. Journal of Clinical Psychology, 56, 675-689. doi: 10.1002/(SICI)1097-4679(200005)

Figueiredo-Ferraz, H., Gil-Monte, P. R., Queirós, C., & Passos, F. (2014). Validação factorial do “Spanish Burnout Inventory” em polícias portugueses. Psicologia: Reflexao e Crítica, 27, 291-299.

Gil-Monte, P. R. (2005). El síndrome de quemarse por el trabajo (burnout). Una enfermedad laboral en la sociedad del bienestar. Madrid: Pirámide.

Gil-Monte, P. R. (2011). CESQT. Cuestionario para la Evaluación del Síndrome de Quemarse por el Trabajo. Manual. Madrid: TEA Ediciones.

Gil-Monte, P. R. (2012). Influence of guilt on the relationship between burnout and depression. European Psychologist, 17, 231-236. doi: 10.1027/1016-9040/a000096

Gil-Monte, P. R.; Figueiredo-Ferraz, H., & Valdez Bonilla, H. (2013). Factor analysis of the Spanish Burnout Inventory among Mexican prison employees. Canadian Journal of Behavioural Science, 45(2), 96-104. doi: 10.1037/a0027883

Gil-Monte, P. R. & Manzano-García, G. (2015). Psychometric properties of the Spanish Burnout Inventory among staff nurses. Journal of Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing, 22, 756-763. doi: 10.1111/jpm.12255

Gil-Monte, P. R. & Olivares-Faúndez, V. (2011). Psychometric properties of the “Spanish Burnout Inventory” in Chilean professionals working to physical disabled people. The Spanish Journal of Psychology, 14, 441-451. doi: 10.5209/rev_SJOP.2011.v14.n1.40

Gil Monte, P. R. & Zúñiga-Caballero, L. C. (2010). Validez factorial del “Cuestionario para la Evaluación del Síndrome de Quemarse por el Trabajo” (CESQT) en una muestra de médicos mexicanos. Universitas Psychologica, 9, 169-178.

Grimaldo, M. (2011). Calidad de vida en profesionales de la salud en la ciudad de Lima. Liberabit, 17, 173-185.

Hair, J. H., Anderson, R. E., Tatham, R. L., & Black, W. C. (1995). Multivariate data analysis (4th ed.). Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hal.

Halbesleben, J. R. & Demerouti, E. (2005). The construct validity of an alternative measure of burnout investigating the English translation of the Oldenburg Burnout Inventory. Work and Stress, 19, 208-220. doi: 10.1080/02678370500340728

Happell, B., Dwyer, T., Reid-Searl, K., Burke, K. J., Caperchione, C. M., & Gaskin, C. J. (2013). Nurses and stress: recognizing causes and seeking solutions. Journal of Nursing Management, 21, 638–647. doi: 10.1111/jonm.12037

Klersy, C., Callegari, A., Martinelli, V., Vizzardi, V., Navino, C., Malberti, F.,..., Politi, P. (2007). Burnout in health care providers of dialysis service in Northern Italy - a multicentre study. Nephrology Dialysis Transplantation 22, 2283-2290. doi: 10.1093/ndt/gfm111

Kline, R. B. (2005). Principles and practice of structural equation modelling (2ª ed.).New York: Guilford.
Lamiani, G., Borghi, L., & Argentero, P. (2015). When healthcare professionals cannot do the right thing: A systematic review of moral distress and its correlates. Journal of Health Psychology, in press. doi:10.1177/1359105315595120

Maslach, C. (1982). Burnout: The cost of caring. New York, NY: Prentice Hall Press.

Maslach, C. & Jackson, S. E. (1981). Maslach Burnout Inventory. Manual. Palo Alto, CA: Consulting Psychologists Press.

Maslach, C., Schaufeli, W. B., & Leiter, M. P. (2001). Job burnout. Annual Review of Psychology 52, 397-422. doi: 10.1146/annurev.psych.52.1.397

Melamed, S., Shirom, A., Toker, S., Berliner, S., & Shapira, I. (2006). Burnout and risk of cardiovascular disease: evidence, possible causal paths, and promising research directions. Psychological Bulletin, 132, 327-353. doi: 10.1037/0033-2909.132.3.327

Miles, J. & Shevlin, M. (2005). Applying regression & correlation. A guide for students and researchers. London: Sage.

Misiolek, A., Gil-Monte, P. R., & Misiolek, H. (2016). Prevalence of burnout in Polish anesthesiologists and anesthetist nursing professionals: A comparative non-randomized cross-sectional study. Journal of Health Psychology, en prensa. doi: 10.1177/1359105315604377

Nunnally N. C. (1978). Psychometric Theory. McGraw-Hill, New York.

Olivares-Faúndez, V. & Gil-Monte, P. R. (2009). Análisis de las principales fortalezas y debilidades del “Maslach Burnout Inventory” (MBI). Ciencia & Trabajo, 11, 160-167.

Olivares, V. E. & Gil-Monte, P. R. (2007). Análisis de las propiedades psicométricas del “Cuestionario para la Evaluación del Síndrome de Quemarse por el Trabajo” (CESQT) en profesionales chilenos. Ansiedad y Estrés, 13, 229-240.

Paine, W. S. (1982). The burnout syndrome in context. En J. W. Jones (Ed.), The burnout syndrome: Current research, theory, interventions (pp. 1 29). Park Ridge: London House Press.

Poghosyan, L., Aiken, L. H., & Sloane, D. M. (2009). Factor structure of the Maslach Burnout Inventory: an analysis of data from large scale cross-sectional surveys of nurses from eight countries. International Journal of Nursing Studies, 46, 894-902. doi: 10.1016/j.ijnurstu.2009.03.004

Price, D. M. & Murphy, P. A. (1984). Staff burnout in the perspective of grief theory. Death Education, 8, 47 58. doi: 10.1080/07481188408251381

Purvanova, R. K. & Muros, J. P. (2010). Gender differences in burnout: A meta-analysis. Journal of Vocational Behavior, 77, 168–185. doi: 10.1016/j.jvb.2010.04.006

Rama-Maceiras, P. & Kranke, P. (2013) Working conditions and professional wellbeing: A link easy to imagine but difficult to prove. European Journal of Anesthesiology, 30, 213–215. doi: 10.1097/EJA.0b013e32835fc894

Suñer-Soler, R., Grau-Martín, A., Font-Mayolas, S., Gras, M. E., Bertrán, C., & Sullman, M. J. (2013). Burnout and quality of life among Spanish healthcare personnel. Journal of Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing, 20, 305-313. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2850.2012.01897.x

Tement, S., Pahor, A., & Jaušovec, N. (2016). EEG alpha frequency correlates of burnout and depression: The role of gender. Biological Psychology, 114, 1-12. doi: 10.1016/j.biopsycho.2015.11.005

Toker, S. & Biron, M. (2012). Job burnout and depression: Unraveling their temporal relationship and considering the role of physical activity. Journal of Applied Psychology, 97, 699-710. doi: 10.1037/a0026914

Tops, M., Boksem, M. A., Wijers, A. A., van Duinen, H., Den Boer, J. A., Meijman, T. F., & Korf, J. (2007). The psychobiology of burnout: Are there two different syndromes? Neuropsychobiology, 55, 143–150. doi: 10.1159/000106056

van Dam, A. (2016). Subgroup analysis in burnout: Relations between fatigue, anxiety, and depression. Frontiers in Psychology, 7, 90. doi:10.3389/fpsyg.2016.00090

Vanheule, S., Lievrouw, A., & Verhaeghe, P. (2003). Burnout and intersubjectivity : A psychoanalytical study from a Lacanian perspective. Human Relations, 56, 321-328. doi: 10.1177/0018726703056003614

Viotti, S., Gil-Monte, P. R., & Converso, D. (2015). Toward validating the Italian version of the “Spanish Burnout Inventory”: a preliminary study. Revista da Escola de Enfermagem da USP, 49, 819-825. doi: 10.1590/S0080-623420150000500016

Wheeler D. L., Vassar M., Worley J. A., & Barnes, L. L. (2011). A reliability generalization meta-analysis of coefficient Alpha for the Maslach Burnout Inventory. Educational and Psychological Measurement, 71, 231-244. doi: 10.1177/0013164410391579
Published
2017-11-30
How to Cite
Gil-Monte, P., Viotti, S., & Converso, D. (2017, November 30). Psychometric properties of the «Spanish Burnout Inventory» (SBI) in a sample of Italian health professionals: a gender perspective. LIBERABIT. Revista Peruana De Psicología, 23(2), 153 - 168. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.24265/liberabit.2017.v23n2.01
Section
Research articles