Propiedades psicométricas de la Escala de Desviación de la Norma en jóvenes

  • Sebastián Jesús Garrido Facultad de Psicología, Universidad Nacional de Córdoba, Argentina; Instituto de Investigaciones Psicológicas, IIPSI, Unidad Ejecutora CONICET, Córdoba, Argentina http://orcid.org/0000-0001-6603-7285
  • Karin Arbach Facultad de Psicología, Universidad Nacional de Córdoba, Argentina; Instituto de Investigaciones Psicológicas, IIPSI, Unidad Ejecutora CONICET, Córdoba, Argentina http://orcid.org/0000-0003-1764-0090
  • Marcos Cupani Facultad de Psicología, Universidad Nacional de Córdoba, Argentina; Instituto de Investigaciones Psicológicas, IIPSI, Unidad Ejecutora CONICET, Córdoba, Argentina http://orcid.org/0000-0003-2132-5552
  • Fernanda Belén Ghío Facultad de Psicología, Universidad Nacional de Córdoba, Argentina; Instituto de Investigaciones Psicológicas, IIPSI, Unidad Ejecutora CONICET, Córdoba, Argentina http://orcid.org/0000-0002-4223-2470
  • Ana Estefanía Azpilicueta Facultad de Psicología, Universidad Nacional de Córdoba, Argentina; Instituto de Investigaciones Psicológicas, IIPSI, Unidad Ejecutora CONICET, Córdoba, Argentina http://orcid.org/0000-0002-6221-3162
  • Valeria Estefanía Morán Facultad de Psicología, Universidad Nacional de Córdoba, Argentina; Instituto de Investigaciones Psicológicas, IIPSI, Unidad Ejecutora CONICET, Córdoba, Argentina http://orcid.org/0000-0003-3628-1636
Palabras clave: conducta antisocial, Escala de Desviación de la Norma, jóvenes, autocontrol

Resumen

La conducta antisocial refiere al conjunto de actos que violan las normas establecidas para la convivencia de una sociedad. Entre las medidas de autoinforme para valorar esta conducta se encuentra la Escala de Desviación de la Norma (EDN). Considerando que en el contexto argentino no se encontraron estudios sobre las propiedades psicométricas de la escala, el objetivo de este estudio fue analizar sus propiedades psicométricas en una muestra de jóvenes argentinos. Para este fin, se conformó una muestra de 794 participantes con edades comprendidas entre los 18 y 25 años. Se realizó un análisis factorial confirmatorio, se analizó el índice de confiabilidad compuesta y se estudió la validez convergente, discriminante y concurrente (utilizando una escala de autocontrol). Además, se analizó la invarianza del modelo de medida. Entre los principales resultados se confirmó la estructura factorial original de la escala sin equivalencia factorial entre los grupos evaluados considerando el sexo, y se encontraron adecuadas propiedades psicométricas para la mayoría de las dimensiones que componen el instrumento. Se discuten los hallazgos, limitaciones y futuras líneas de investigación.

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Publicado
2019-12-15
Sección
Artículos Originales Breves